Rajura taluka in Chandrapur district under the Maharashtra-Telangana border is known as a very remote, mountainous, tribal and Naxal-affected taluka. Rajura taluka was still under Nizamshahi rule after Indian independence. On 17th September 1948, Rajura taluka was liberated from Nizamshahi. In such situation, the late Prabhakarrao Mamulkar Saheb (former MLA), started an educational institution called Adarsh Shikshan
Prasarak Mandal, Rajura and provided education facilities to the tribal, dalit and extremely poor students of this department.
Honorable Prabhakarrao Mamulkar sir started Shri Shivaji College of Arts, Commerce and Science in 1984. The subject of Political Science has been taught since 1984, then considering the importance of education, Post Graduate Education (MA) in Political Science was started from 2004-2005. In order to facilitate the students in this area for higher education, Gondwana University, Gadchiroli has started a higher education and research center in the college from 2015. Till now about 7 students got Ph.D. and 15-20 students are being guided by the department.
To date, many students in political science have been included in the merit list under Gondwana University, Gadchiroli. In order to develop leadership qualities in the students, to make them good citizens of India, and to create excellent voters, the department organizes the study tour of the students to the Winter Session of the Maharashtra Legislative Assembly every year. Visits are made to various local bodies, various seminars, conferences are organized. Often lectures on various topics are organized for the student.